Alphosyl Shampoo 2 in 1 – 250ml How does it work? Alphosyl 2 in 1 shampoo contains coal tar extract as the active ingredient. Coal tar has been used in skin conditions for hundreds of years, but it is still not fully understood how it works, mainly because it is made up of so many different compounds. Coal tar has mild antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects, and relieves itching. It is also absorbed into the skin cells and is thought to inhibit DNA replication in these cells. This slows down cell division and stops the cells from multiplying excessively. In turn, this reduces thickening and scaling of the skin. Coal tar may also work by breaking down keratin, a protein that forms part of the skin structure. This helps the skin cells shed from the treated area, thus reducing the thickening and scaling. Alphosyl 2 in 1 shampoo is used to treat scaly, itchy skin conditions affecting the scalp, such as psoriasis, eczema, seborrhoeic dermatitis or dandruff. The shampoo should be massaged into wet hair and the scalp for several minutes until a rich lather is produced. Rinse thoroughly then repeat the procedure. For dandruff, you should use the shampoo once or twice a week as necessary, or as directed by your doctor. For psoriasis, seborrhoeic dermatitis, or scaling and itching such as associated with eczema, use the shampoo every two to three days, or as directed by your doctor. What is it used for? Psoriasis affecting the scalp Seborrhoeic dermatitis affecting the scalp Scaling and itching of the scalp, for example due to eczema Dandruff. Warning This medicine is for external use only. Avoid getting the shampoo in the eyes. Rinse with water if accidental contact occurs. If skin irritation occurs, stop using the shampoo and consult your doctor. Not to be used in Infected, inflamed or broken areas of skin Allergy or sensitivity to coal tar. This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately. Pregnancy and breastfeeding Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine. There are no known harmful effects when this medicine is used by pregnant or breastfeeding mothers. However, as with all medicines, it should only be used on the advice of a doctor, particularly in the first trimester of pregnancy. Side effects Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect. Skin irritation Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the drug’s manufacturer.For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.